A wide variety of species on planet earth, whether they are plants animals or microscopic organisms are vital to keep the world’s ecosystem healthy, balanced and flourishing. LUNGA MASUKU reports
Growing plants we can eat and landscapes can use for creating shade and landscapes mankind use for everything. Biodiversity ensures natural sustainability for all life on the planet, people rely on both marine and coastal biodiversity, and some people rely on forest biodiversity. Protecting ecosystem and ensuring access to ecosystem services by poor and vulnerable people can help eliminate extreme poverty and hunger.
Despite being so helpful our diversity is under threat from climate change as a result of invasive species, below we discuss some of the biggest threats facing biodiversity today as well as what farmers and the nation at larger can do to keep them on track.
Climate is a major factor in the distribution of species across the globe, climate change forces
them to adjust but many are not able to cope causing them to die. Man-made climate change speeds up the process without affording ecosystems the time to adjust but many are not able to cope, causing them to die out as a result of climate change. To help fight this, individuals can reduce carbon foot prints, the government can also provide educate on how to reduce carbon foot prints. Carbon footprints can be anything that contributes to the depletion of the ozone layer which helps in the creation of condensation that normally leads to the formation of clouds that may lead to rains. Farmers should also practice organic farming since it helps restore natural nutrients back into the ground.
Burning fuel fossils release dangerous chemicals into the atmosphere and in some cases, depleting ozone levels. Dumping plastic into rivers and dams every year completely disrupts the Earth’s ecosystems. This does not necessarily cause extinction; pollutants do have the potential to influence species’ habits.
Acid rain, which is typically caused by the burning of fossil fuels, can make water acidic. These smaller bodies negatively affect the species that live there by changing breeding and feeding habits of all inhabitants of the earth.
Over hunting, overfishing and over harvesting contribute greatly to the loss of biodiversity, killing off numerous species over the past several hundred years. Poaching and other forms of hunting for profit increase the risk of extinction, the extinction of an apex predator or at the top of a food chain can result in a disastrous significance of the ecosystems. To reduce this laws on conservation and continued awareness surrounding overexploitation, especially poaching and overfishing are key.
The introduction of invasive spices into the eco system can threaten endemic wildlife affect human health and upset economies. To fight this government introduced systems that helped fight new in-forestations.
Wetlands have become a sorry site when reeds and other crops that should grow in wetlands have been substituted by alien plants. Researchers have revealed that reeds along river banks have been greatly affected by the mushrooming of alien plants. These plants have grown in every piece of wetlands all over the country. A case in point is the disappearance of reeds next to the Cooper Centre has seen an increase of invasive plants.
These plants have a great effect on the role that wetlands have to play in daily lives of people who reside on planet earth.